Abolish Graded Homework
"Stop giving points for homework! That only enforces economic-type abuses. Football players are not doing bicep curls for points, they know it’s necessary for a good game-time showing. Give a whole lot of a ungraded homework. They’ll have to organize their thoughts and decide what’s necessary for them to do. This is working splendidly in my room, the kids were irresponsible at first, and I handed out F’s like candy. After clear explanations, and the use of SBG, they’ve turned a corner." - Shawn Cornally (ThinkThankThunk)
And a response to grading homework for the purpose of "padding" their grades:
"You asked, 'What about the student who struggles with math? Where is the homework score to 'help' their grade?' With all due respect, I think this is not the question we should be asking. If Suzie struggles to understand 7th grade math, but her homework completion 'helps' her grade, what is her chance of success at the 8th grade level and beyond? I'm guessing we're doing her a disservice by inflating her grade, falsely communicating her level of understanding, and setting her up for a below-average chance of success at the next level. Also, homework is done outside of class - copying and other uncontrollable things happen. Let's say 40% of all math homework is copied. If you weight homework at 50% of the overall grade, you are mathematically rewarding students for cheating by giving them a "free" 20% (40% of 50%). Furthermore, once homework is viewed as 'practice,' there is no need to consider it as part of the grade. It is the FINAL level of knowledge that should be reported rather that some quasi-calculation of progress along the way." - Matt Townsley (comment, MeTA Musings)This, this, ten thousand times, this. I don't want to hide the gaps in my current students' skills from next year's teachers. I don't want the gaps in the rising freshmen's skills hidden from us. I don't want parents of students whose previous grades have been inflated shocked and outraged when their children don't have As. I want them to make informed decisions for and with their children, and I want them to understand why their kids are struggling and be able to see specific, achievable steps to catching up. I want to stop hiding information about what students know from the parents and the students themselves.
Alternatives to traditional, graded homework: A portfolio system.
Switch to Standards-Based GradingThoughts on why traditional grading kind of sucks from Matt Townsley:
"Consider Student A who bombs the homework, bombs the quiz, but 'gets it' between the formative assessments and the test (assessment that 'goes in the grade book'). Now consider Student B who 'gets it' on the homework, aces the quiz and aces the test. In the old system, Student A is penalized for not 'getting it' early, so his/her grade suffers. Student B's grade looks outstanding because he/she 'got it' right away and earned all of the points along the way. If Students A & B both have the same level of understanding, I believe that what is reported out about these two students should be consistent as well." - Matt Townsley (blog post: MeTA Musings)
And Shawn Cornally:
Why are you reporting cryptic titles like “Test 4″ and “Unit Quiz 1.2?” Those tests and quizzes, or whatever assessment tools you use, are aimed at testing content standards, so stop destroying information by adding the scores, and just report proficiency by standard! The thrill of having a high schooler walk in to your room and say the following should be enough to bring you into the fold: “Mr. Cornally, I was looking at my grades, and I’m pretty sure I need to work on the quotient rule. Then, I think I should do a problem like the one of the quiz to show you I get it.” - Shawn Cornally (ThinkThankThunk)And Shawn Cornally again, this time addressing the shifts accompanying SBG:
Students could not care less about their score on “Quiz 5″ from last month; they don’t even know what was on that quiz. Don’t put that in your gradebook. Put the individual ideas that that quiz assessed in your gradebook, so that the students know what it is you care about. - Shawn Cornally (ThinkThankThunk)
And a Townsley article on implementing SBG districtwide: "Redesigning Grading--Districtwide
- This post went a long way towards answering some of my remaining questions. The SBG Assessment flowchart was particularly valuable. I also thought the descriptions of what SBG should not look like vs. what SBG should look like were super helpful.
- I'll probably also be using this one to help in persuading my colleagues to make the switch.
- This list of blogs written by teachers using SBG looks promising.
- Jason Buell wrote two blogs posts about the (perceived) disadvantages of SBG.
Current Conclusions and Questions
- I kind of don't think homework or quizzes (at least as they are now) should be graded. They're the check-ups, designed to help correct the course when we're not heading towards meeting our learning targets. OK, honestly, there is no kind of about it, and I am just scared of the overhaul I think this is going to bring. No matter how exciting, I am probably always going to find major change to be pretty terrifying.
- SBG. Let's just say I have drunk the kool-aid, and now I am having to find a way to make that kool-aid palatable for colleagues who are slow to buy-in to new practices. Projected battles:
- Ease of grading: We currently use GradeCam to grade our unit tests,
which are all multiple choice. (Sidenote: we allow students to do
"revisions" where we mark the items they missed and they get a second
shot at them immediately. The idea is that they go back and check their
work, finding where they went wrong. The reality is that students are
told which items to go back and guess on. I am not
entirely at allcomfortable with this.) Grading 150 unit tests by hand would be a pain. However, we currently grade quizzes by hand, and we give many more quizzes than tests. So, what if we switched it up and graded quizzes via Gradecam and tests by hand...From everything that I've read, SBG assessments are meant to be much, much shorter than what we're currently using, though possibly more frequent.
- Pacing/Logistics: When does the reteaching happen? Or are we supposed to trust kids to work on skills/concepts they haven't mastered outside of class? Clearly, at some point, we must move on. We can't spend an entire quarter on simple equations while we wait for our stragglers to catch up. That smacks of all the worst parts of NCLB.